“Physiotherapists assess, plan and implement rehabilitative programs that improve or restore human motor functions, maximize movement ability, relieve pain syndromes, and treat or prevent physical challenges associated with injuries, diseases and other impairments. They apply a broad range of physical therapies and techniques such as movement, ultrasound, heating, laser and other techniques. They may develop and implement programes for screening and prevention of common physical ailments and disorders”.

World Health Organization (WHO) has classified Physiotherapy as an Independent Practice and out of Paramedical stream. Physiotherapists-(International Standard Classification of Occupations ISCO Code 2264). According to this code, Physiotherapy is classified into a separate entity and not clubbed with Paramedical services. Physiotherapy has undergone a dramatic change over the last decade. It is extremely fortunate that medical advancement have reached new heights with the development of highly scientific techniques which can relieve pain in a miraculous manner.

Where Do Physiotherapists Work In?

  • Outpatients- treating spinal (back pain) & joint problems, accidents and spots injuries.
  • Orthopedics and trauma-restoring mobility after hip and knee replacements and spinal operations, treating patients after accidents.
  • Women’s health- ante-and post-natal care advice, exercise and posture, managing continence and post – gynecological operations.
  • Care of elderly- maintaining mobility and independence, rehabilitation after fall, treatment of arthritis, Parkinson’s disease, chest conditions.
  • Neurology- helping people restore normal movement and function in stroke, multiple sclerosis and other conditions.
  • Intensive care units- keeping limbs mobile and chests clear.
  • Sports clinic- treating injuries in sports men and women, advising on recovering fitness and avoiding repeated injuries.
  • Mental illness- taking classes in relaxation and body awareness, improving confidence and self-esteem through exercise
  • People with learning difficulties- using sport and creation to develop people, assessing and providing specialist footwear, seating and equipment.
  • Pediatrics – treating sick and injured children, those with severe mental and physical handicaps and conditions like cerebral palsy and spina bifida.
  • Community – treating a wide variety of patients at home and giving advice to cares.
  • Occupational health – treating employee in small to large organizations and companies, looking at work habits to prevent physical problems such as repetitive strain injury
  • Terminally III (palliative care) – working in the community or in hospices, treating patients with cancer and AIDS.
  • Educations and health promotions- teaching people about many conditions and lifestyle choices. This may include back care, ergonomics, taking exercise classes and cardiac rehabilitation groups.
  • Private sectors- working independently in private practice, clinics, hospitals, and general surgeries, treating a wide range of conditions.
  • Voluntary organizations- advising and consulting for organizations supporting and caring for people with multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease

Code of Ethics of The American Physical Therapy Association

Preamble. This code of ethics sets forth ethical principles for the physical therapy profession .members of this profession are responsible for maintaining and promoting ethical practice. this code of ethics ,adopted by the American physical therapy association, shall be binding on physical therapist who are members of the association.


  • Principle 1 : Physical therapists respect the rights and dignity of all individuals.
  • Principle 2 : Physical therapists comply with the laws and regulations governing the practice of physical therapy.
  • Principle 3 : Physical therapists accept responsibility for the exercise of sound judgment.
  • Principle 4 : Physical therapists maintain and promote high standards in the provision of physical therapy services.
  • Principle 5 : Physical therapists seek remuneration for their services that is deserved and reasonable.
  • Principle 6 : Physical therapists provide accurate information to the consumer about the profession and the services they provide.
  • Principle 7 : Physical therapists accept the responsibility to protect the public and the profession from unethical, incompetent, or illegal acts.
  • Principle 8 : Physical therapists participate in efforts to address the health needs of the public. Adopted By The House of Delegates June 1981, Amended June 1987.